A Brief history

India’s 52 Republic Day (26 January, 2001) has gone down in history as one of the most tragic days for the state of Gujarat. An earthquake measuring 7.9 on the Richter scale and a maximum felt intensity of X (Extreme) on the Mercalli intensity scale hit the city of Bhuj. This was the worst disaster to strike India since its independence in 1947.


The devastation caused by this calamity was akin to a war zone with loss of life, property, and infrastructure. The earthquake killed 12,932 and effected 890 villages. It injured around 164,000 people and destroyed over a million homes including temples and historic buildings. This catastrophe is historic because it had an impact on everyone who survived — mentally, emotionally, and physically.


The rebuilding after this event is a testament to the spirit of the people of Kutch. The impact the earthquake had on the state of Gujarat was significant, but the state has emerged as one of the leading business hubs in India. The Gujarat State Disaster Management Authority (GSDMA) was created immediately after 2001 Kutch Earthquake to undertake overall relief & rehabilitation. New policies were made on housing and city planning during the rebuilding of the devastated areas. The efforts also included the revival of the economy, health support, and reconstruction of the community and social infrastructure.

Dream of Chief Minister

Smritivan, a memorial park and museum is a testament to the impact of the earthquake and rebuilding efforts after. This was a dream project of then Chief Minister Shri Narendra Modi.